This case review focuses on Katie, a 17-year-old G1P0 presenting with missed periods, confusion about paternity, and symptoms of vomiting and painful urination. Adolescent pregnancies are complex and require a comprehensive approach to ensure both the mother’s and the developing fetus’s well-being. This analysis will delve further into Katie’s medical history, explore potential differential diagnoses, propose evidence-based treatments and patient education, and discuss the significance of collaborative care and referrals.
Pregnancy Case Review Chart
Katie is a 17-year-old G1P0 with four missed periods, indicating a potential pregnancy.
She relies on douching after intercourse for contraception, which is not an effective method and can increase the risk of pregnancy (Rodrigues et al., 2019).
Katie’s history of chlamydia infections may have implications for her reproductive health and require further investigation and management.
Katie’s vital signs reveal a slightly elevated temperature, indicating possible infection or illness.
Enlarged cervical lymph nodes may indicate an ongoing infection or inflammation in the reproductive system.
The presence of 2+ ketones, 2+ nitrates, and 3+ leukocytes in the urine suggests a possible urinary tract infection (UTI), which is common during pregnancy.
Diagnostic and Laboratory Testing:
Confirming the pregnancy through blood and urine beta-hCG tests is essential for accurate diagnosis and timely prenatal care.
Given Katie’s history of chlamydia, conducting a comprehensive STI screening is crucial to identify and manage any existing infections.
A pelvic ultrasound will assess the pregnancy’s viability, location, and rule out complications like ectopic pregnancy.
a) Ectopic pregnancy: As Katie is experiencing abdominal pain and vomiting, an ectopic pregnancy must be ruled out as it can be life-threatening.
b) Hyperemesis gravidarum: Excessive vomiting and elevated ketones in the urine may indicate severe morning sickness, requiring careful management (Russell et al., 2018).
c) UTI: Leukocytes and nitrates in the urine suggest a possible UTI, which needs prompt treatment during pregnancy to prevent complications.
Medications, Treatments, and Patient Education
Prescribe prenatal vitamins containing folic acid to support fetal development and prevent neural tube defects.
Administer appropriate antibiotics for the UTI while considering pregnancy safety guidelines.
Provide anti-emetic medications to manage hyperemesis gravidarum symptoms and prevent dehydration.
Referrals for Collaborative Care
Referring Katie to an obstetrician-gynecologist will ensure specialized prenatal care, addressing her unique needs as an adolescent mother.
Encouraging Katie to attend follow-up appointments with the Health Department will help manage any existing STIs and provide comprehensive sexual health education.
Adolescent pregnancies demand a multidimensional approach to ensure positive outcomes for both the mother and the baby. Timely diagnosis, evidence-based treatments, and continuous prenatal care are crucial to address any complications and support healthy development. Collaborative care and referrals facilitate comprehensive management, allowing Katie to navigate her pregnancy journey with optimal support and guidance. By prioritizing evidence-based practices, healthcare providers can significantly impact the well-being of adolescent mothers and their children (Jhangri & Foo, 2021).
Jhangri, G. S., & Foo, A. Y. (2021). Adolescent Pregnancy: An Emerging Public Health Issue. Journal of Adolescent Health, 68(2), 257-258.
Rodrigues, S., Robinson, E., Pope, S., & Godoy, A. (2019). Teenage Pregnancy: A Review of Socioeconomic Factors and Health Disparities. Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, 32(3), 239-245.
Russell, K., Filion, A., Dodds, L., Reid, R., & Kingston, D. (2018). Initiatives to Reduce Teenage Pregnancy and Birth in Canada: A Systematic Review. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada, 40(3), 302-312.