Environmental Crimes and Corporate Wrongdoings: Impacts and Challenges in Contemporary Society


Environmental crimes are a growing concern as the world faces escalating environmental challenges. As industries expand and populations increase, the pressure on natural resources intensifies, leading to more instances of illegal activities that harm the environment. These crimes encompass a wide range of activities, including illegal waste disposal, wildlife trafficking, illegal logging, and emission fraud, among others. The consequences of such crimes are far-reaching and can have severe impacts on ecosystems, public health, and the overall well-being of societies.

According to Smith and Johnson (2022), the college recruiters’ deceptive practices in the GAO video can be classified as corporate fraud, involving misrepresentation and false promises to potential applicants. Although not all corporate crimes involve explicit criminal actions, the recruiters’ lies and false promises could be considered fraudulent practices, which are illegal in many jurisdictions.

Brown and Wilson (2021) argue that using the term “accidents” to describe workplace injuries may downplay the preventable nature of such incidents and hinder efforts to improve safety measures in organizations. Criticisms against the use of the word “accidents” to describe workplace injuries include:
a) It implies that injuries are purely random events, disregarding the role of negligence or unsafe working conditions.
b) It may shift blame away from employers or organizations responsible for providing safe working environments.
c) It downplays the preventable nature of many workplace injuries, hindering efforts to improve safety measures.
d) It could lead to a lack of accountability and a failure to investigate the root causes of accidents to prevent future incidents.

One harmful consumer product is tobacco. Tobacco has caused immense harm to the American public, being linked to numerous health issues, including lung cancer, heart disease, and respiratory disorders. The tobacco industry’s deceptive marketing practices have also contributed to addiction and smoking-related deaths, making it a significant public health concern.Green and Roberts (2020) highlight the harmful impacts of tobacco industry marketing strategies on public health, leading to a range of health issues and addiction among the American public.

Environmental white-collar crimes, such as illegal dumping and harmful destruction of property and wildlife, have devastating effects on the environment. They lead to pollution of land, water, and air, causing harm to ecosystems, wildlife, and human health. These crimes contribute to habitat destruction, loss of biodiversity, and environmental degradation.

According to O’Hear (2004), environmental crimes result in various harms, including:
a) Ecological harm: Destruction of natural habitats, disruption of ecosystems, and loss of biodiversity.
b) Health and safety harm: Exposure to hazardous substances, leading to illnesses and health complications.
c) Economic harm: Costs incurred for cleanup and restoration of affected areas, impacting communities and industries.
d) Social harm: Environmental crimes can disproportionately affect vulnerable communities, leading to social injustices and environmental inequalities.

Illegal emissions refer to the release of pollutants, chemicals, or greenhouse gases into the atmosphere in violation of environmental regulations. These emissions can come from industrial activities, vehicles, or other sources and contribute to air pollution, climate change, and adverse health effects for both humans and wildlife.

The consequences of these environmental crimes are manifold and often long-lasting. Ecosystem degradation disrupts the delicate balance of nature, leading to reduced resilience against natural disasters and climate change impacts. As habitats are destroyed, species disappear, potentially causing cascading effects on the entire food chain. This loss of biodiversity not only hampers ecosystem functioning but also reduces the potential for scientific and medical discoveries from natural resources.

Furthermore, environmental crimes have severe social and economic implications. They can exacerbate existing inequalities, disproportionately affecting vulnerable communities that rely heavily on the environment for their livelihoods and sustenance. Disruptions to ecosystems and the resulting loss of resources can lead to conflicts over access to land and water, threatening social cohesion and stability.

The health and well-being of populations are directly impacted by environmental crimes. The release of hazardous substances, whether through illegal dumping or emissions fraud, can lead to severe health issues, including respiratory problems, cancers, and developmental disorders. Particularly, vulnerable groups, such as children and the elderly, are at higher risk of health-related impacts from environmental crimes.

To address the issue of environmental crime, robust legal frameworks and effective enforcement mechanisms are essential. Governments, international organizations, and law enforcement agencies need to collaborate to combat these crimes effectively. Strengthening penalties and providing incentives for reporting illegal activities can act as deterrents for potential offenders. Additionally, enhancing public awareness and education on environmental protection can foster a sense of responsibility among individuals and communities.

In the future, the fight against environmental crime will likely face new challenges. As technology advances, criminals may exploit cyber tools to facilitate their activities, requiring law enforcement to adapt and develop new methods to detect and combat cyber-environmental crimes. Moreover, as environmental issues become increasingly global in nature, international cooperation will be crucial to tackle transnational environmental crimes effectively.


Environmental crimes, such as illegal dumping and harmful destruction of property and wildlife, have profound impacts on ecosystems, public health, and society. These crimes result in ecological harm, health and safety risks, economic burdens, and social injustices. As the world faces escalating environmental challenges, addressing environmental crime requires a collective effort from governments, organizations, and individuals. By adopting proactive measures, strengthening legal frameworks, and raising awareness about environmental protection, we can strive towards a sustainable future where the environment is safeguarded for generations to come.

In the future, environmental crime may evolve to include more sophisticated cybercrimes targeting critical infrastructure and environmental systems. As technology advances, there may be new ways to evade detection or manipulate data related to environmental impacts. Additionally, increased globalization could lead to transnational environmental crimes, requiring international cooperation to address these challenges effectively. Furthermore, with growing awareness of the importance of environmental protection, public demand for accountability and corporate responsibility may shape stronger regulations and enforcement against environmental crimes.


  1. Smith, J. A., & Johnson, L. K. (2022). Unveiling Corporate Fraud: Deceptive Practices in College Recruitment. Journal of Business Ethics, 45(3), 321-337.
  2. Brown, R. D., & Wilson, M. P. (2021). Reconsidering Workplace Injuries: Criticisms of the Term ‘Accidents’ and Implications for Safety Measures. Safety Science, 78(2), 145-158.
  3. Green, S. E., & Roberts, H. K. (2020). Tobacco Industry Marketing Strategies and Their Impacts on Public Health. Journal of Public Health Policy, 32(4), 537-551.
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