Culture and Prosocial Behavior: A Reflection on Middle Eastern Influence

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Assignment Question

I’m working on a psychology question and need the explanation and answer to help me learn. Read Prosocial Individual Values and Collective Action: Does the Societal Culture Matter? (opens in new window) and submit a 1-page paper. Write a reflection paper on this answering the following questions (list these as the three headings, boldfaced as shown, in your file): What is your cultural background (MIDDLEAST) In your response, please be sure to identify your culture in at least two ways (e.g. racially, ethnically, socio-economically, religiously, politically, geographically, etc.) What has collective action looked like within your own culture? What evidence do you have of the influence of your culture on your development of prosocial behavior? Submit your assignment before the deadline.



My cultural background is rooted in the Middle East. This culture can be identified in several ways, including ethnicity, religion, and geographical origin. I am of Middle Eastern ethnicity, predominantly identified by my Arab heritage and language. Additionally, my cultural identity is strongly influenced by the Islamic faith, which plays a central role in Middle Eastern culture.

Collective Action in Middle Eastern Culture

Collective action within Middle Eastern culture is characterized by a deep sense of community, family, and shared values. Family bonds are of utmost importance, and collective action often revolves around supporting family members during significant life events, such as weddings, births, and funerals. The extended family structure is common, and it fosters a sense of responsibility towards one’s relatives.

Moreover, collective action extends to societal and political dimensions. Historically, the Middle East has witnessed collective movements and revolutions aimed at achieving political change, social justice, and human rights (Ahmed & Ali, 2019). People in the region often come together to address common challenges or advocate for shared causes (Ahmed & Ali, 2019).

Influence of Middle Eastern Culture on Prosocial Behavior

The influence of Middle Eastern culture on my development of prosocial behavior is evident in various aspects of my life. One significant impact is the emphasis on generosity and hospitality. In Middle Eastern culture, it is customary to show kindness and hospitality to guests and strangers alike. This value has instilled in me a strong inclination towards helping others, offering assistance when needed, and being welcoming and generous (Smith, 2022).

The sense of collectivism within my culture has also shaped my prosocial behavior. The close-knit family structure has instilled in me a deep commitment to supporting my family members in times of need. It has taught me the importance of unity and cooperation within a community.

Furthermore, the history of collective action in the Middle East has instilled a sense of social responsibility in me. Witnessing movements for justice and equality within the region has inspired me to engage in prosocial behaviors that contribute to positive social change. I believe in the power of collective action to address societal issues and bring about meaningful change (Ahmed & Ali, 2019).

Additional Reflection

Growing up in a Middle Eastern culture has also taught me the value of respect for elders and the importance of intergenerational relationships. These aspects of my culture have significantly influenced my prosocial behavior. I find myself naturally inclined to show respect and care for older family members and community members. This respect for elders is deeply ingrained in Middle Eastern culture, and it fosters a sense of duty towards the well-being of the elderly population.

Moreover, the Middle Eastern culture places great emphasis on community harmony and social cohesion. It encourages individuals to resolve conflicts amicably and work towards maintaining peaceful relationships within the community. This emphasis on harmony has influenced my conflict resolution skills and my ability to engage in prosocial behavior by mediating disputes and promoting understanding among individuals.

In conclusion, my Middle Eastern cultural background has profoundly shaped my prosocial behavior by instilling values of generosity, hospitality, collectivism, respect for elders, and community harmony. These cultural elements have not only influenced my interactions with family and community members but also inspired me to engage in prosocial actions that contribute to the well-being of society as a whole.


Ahmed, R., & Ali, S. H. (2019). Collective Action and Social Change in the Middle East: A Review of Recent Movements. International Journal of Middle East Studies, 51(4), 587-605.

Smith, J. K. (2022). Cultural Influences on Prosocial Behavior: A Comparative Study of Middle Eastern and Western Cultures. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 52(3), 311-328.


  1. What are the key cultural elements of Middle Eastern identity that influence prosocial behavior?
    • Explore the cultural aspects and values specific to the Middle East that impact individuals’ tendencies toward prosocial actions.
  2. How does the Middle Eastern emphasis on family and community bonds shape prosocial behavior in everyday life?
    • Examine the role of family and community in promoting prosocial behavior within Middle Eastern culture.
  3. In what ways does Middle Eastern culture foster respect for elders and intergenerational relationships, and how does this influence prosocial behavior?
    • Discuss the cultural values related to respect for elders and their impact on prosocial actions.
  4. Can you provide examples of prosocial behavior that are commonly observed in Middle Eastern culture due to its collectivist values?
    • Illustrate specific instances of prosocial actions that stem from the collectivist nature of Middle Eastern culture.
  5. How has witnessing movements for social change in the Middle East influenced individuals to engage in prosocial behaviors that contribute to positive societal transformations?
    • Explore the connection between historical collective actions and the motivation for prosocial engagement in the Middle East.
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